Plastic surgeons shape and mould regions of the body, such as the ears, face, trunk, hands and other extremities, for cosmetic and functional effect.
They also repair congenital problems, such as cleft palates or malformed bone structure in hands or feet. Cosmetic surgery reshapes normal body parts for aesthetic reasons, while reconstructive surgery repairs or replaces body parts damaged by accidents, illness or malformation. Plastic surgeons are medical doctors trained in patient interactions, trauma care and basic surgery techniques as well as in specialised techniques such as tissue transfer, body contouring and laser surgery. Within the medical speciality field of plastic surgery there are many subspecialities:
While most plastic surgeons choose a speciality, all certified surgeons are trained in congenital problems with the head, neck and trunk, burn management, fluid replacement, breast surgery and other basic skills.
Plastic surgeons work in hospitals and operate in sterile surgical units. They spend time travelling between their consulting rooms and hospitals to visit their patients and follow up on post-operation procedures. Plastic surgeons must be on their feet for long periods when performing surgery, which can take hours, depending on the particular procedure.
For those willing to endure the many years of training necessary to qualify, career prospects are bright; demand for medical care continues to grow and more patients than ever are wanting to have or needing, plastic surgery.